On the first Easter, Jesus rose from the dead. But, what does “resurrection” mean?
- The Empty Tomb – The same physical body placed in the tomb permanently vacated it alive three days later (Mt. 28:6).
- Jesus was Raised in “the Flesh” (Acts 2:31 – Jesus said His resurrection body had “flesh and bones” (Lk. 24:39).
- Jesus’ Resurrection Body Had Physical Wounds – Jesus revealed His crucifixion scars to the disciples (Lk. 24:39) and challenged Thomas to touch him (Jn. 20:27).
- Jesus ate Physical Food Four Times after the Resurrection – He offered it as proof He had a real physical body (Lk. 24:30; 24:42-43; Jn. 21:12-13; Acts 1:4).
- Jesus’ Resurrection Body was Touched and Handled – Jesus was touched by Mary (Jn. 20:17), and by the women (Mt. 28:9); He challenged the disciples (Lk. 24:39) and Thomas to feel His wounds (Jn. 20:27).
- The Resurrection Body of Christ could be Seen and Heard – The body of Christ was seen after His resurrection with the naked eye (Mt. 28:17) and heard with natural ears (Jn. 20:15-16).
- The Word “Body” (soma) Always Means Physical Body in N.T. – There are no exceptions to this use of the “body” of an individual in the N.T.
- Only Bodies Rise not Souls – The physical body of Christ died (not his soul). Thus, it was this material body that rose again from the dead (I Cor. 15:3-4).
- The Body “Sown” is the Same Body that is Raised – The same body “sown” in death is the one raised in life (I Cor. 15:35-44).
- Resurrection is From Among (ek) the Dead – This phrase means He was raised from the graveyard (Luke 24:46) where physical corpses are buried (cf. Acts 13:29-30).
- We Will Recognize Our Loved Ones in the New Heaven and Earth – Paul comforts the believers with this anticipation (I Thess. 4:13-18).
- The Resurrection Body is Physically Recognizable – Jesus was recognized in His resurrection body like any other physical body (Mt. 28:7, 17; Mk. 16:7; Lk. 24:24).*
- HOW DO I RESPOND? Jesus told her, “I am the resurrection and the life. Anyone who believes in me will live, even after dying. – John 11:25
“Barely seven weeks after Jesus’ crucifixion, his followers are in the streets at a major Jewish festival proclaiming his resurrection, and thousands of people – almost certainly all devout Jews – are converted. Something very big was going on.” – J. P. Moreland
*Outline from Dr. Norman Geisler